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Galoot Glossary
Barefaced Tenon
A tenon with one cheek flush with the face of the material.
Blind Tenon
Tenon that stops short of the opposite timber face.
Castellated Tenon
Combination of Double and Twin Tenon, with four or more actual tenons
Double Tenon
Used on wide lumber, two tenons are cut side-by-side and fit into two mortises.
Haunched Tenon
Stepped tenon with a taller shoulder and matching mortise.
T - slot
A slot milled in the shape of an upside down T to hold special bolts for clamps or jigs.
Table Saw
A circular saw mounted under a table with height and angle adjustments for the blade.
Tack Cloth or Tack Rag
A cloth permeated with a sticky substance to wipe up the dust from sanding when finishing a project.
Tack Time
The amount of time it takes for an adhesive to set-up before it can form a bond.
Tail (See Dovetail)
Both tails and pins are tenons, the spaces between being mortises cut so as to receive either a pin or a tail of the mating board.
Tailed Apprentice
Neanderthal jargon for powered tools. From old practices of having apprentices perform the tiring and tedious work of milling stock to size.
A cabinetmaker's term for an assembly of slats glued to a cloth backing, used for various kinds of shutter.
A natural filament derived from plants in the cactus family. It is resistant to chemicals and is used primarily in brushes used to apply chemical stains.
The tapered end of a chisel opposite the blade that is driven into the handle.
An acid found in wood. It forms different-colored compounds when it reacts with certain chemicals. Most chemical stains depend on a reaction with the tannin in wood.
A tool used to cut a screw thread.
Taper Ground
Method of hand saw blade construction where the back of the saw is thinner than the teeth, resulting in a blade that is less likely to bind in a cut with less set to the teeth.
Taper, Taper Cut
A piece of wood that has been cut so that it is wider on one edge than the other.
Tapering plane
A tenon former with the blade set at an angle for making conical tenons. A matching reamer must be used to make the tapered mortise.
The tendency for a blade to splinter the last part of a piece of wood during crosscutting or shaping operations. When shaping, this effect can be eliminated by climb cutting.
When some feature (a knot, end-grain of a joint) imparts a ripple to the surface of a veneer laid over it. It might take some time to appear. You don't usually see this until the job has been polished.
The correct heat treatment of a tool's metal, to make it stay sharp longer.
Tempered Hardboard
Dense fiberboard that has been specially treated to increase its durability, strength, density, and moisture resistance.
A pattern. Often a template is made of hardboard and used with a pilot bit to route a shape in a board.
Template guide
A jig mounted to the bottom of a router that is used to keep the router on the profile of a template when routing with a non-pilot beating bit.
A protrusion from a board that fits into a matching mortise to form a mortise and tenon joint. Can be square, rectangular, or round. Cylindrical tenons can often be made on a lathe.
Tenon former
A hollow auger used to make cylindrical tenons. Many different versions will work.
Tenon Saw
A Western-Style Backsaw used primarily to cut tenon cheeks and shoulders. Tenon saws used to cut tenon cheeks are filed rip and saw used to cut tenon shoulders are filed crosscut.
Tension Wood
Reaction wood that forms on the upper side of a leaning hardwood tree.
Thickness Planer, Thicknesser
A power-fed rotary planer that trims the surface of a board to a certain thickness.
A thousandth of an inch. A millimeter is about 40thou.
Three-Quarter Round
A curved molding profile with three-quarters of a circle.
The slot on the sole of a plane or spokeshave where the blade protrudes and through which shavings are ejected.
Through Dovetail Joint
A method of joining wood where the interlocking pins and tails of the dovetail joint go through the side of its mating piece and are visible from the outside of the joint.
Through Tenon
Tenon that extends through the opposite timber face. Sometimes reinforced with wedges driven into slots in the end of the tenon. Called Tusk Joint in timberframing.
See flitch sawn.
Thrust Bearing
Usually a hardened wheel which supports a bandsaw blade just above and below the cut.
Tiger Grain
See Curl.
Timber Frame
A load-carrying structure of timbers ranging in size from 4x4 and up
Tinting Colors
Pigments suspended in any of several liquids. They are used to tint or color finishing products.
The frontmost area of the sole of a wooden or metallic plane; normally is the location of the maker's mark.
Toe Kick
An indentation designed into the bottom of a cabinet to provide room to allow the user to stand closer to the countertop.
Toggle Clamp
Clamps which can be attached to a base or table to hold work.
The part of a joint that fits into a Groove. It is made by shooting two rabbet joints on opposite sides of the same edge of a board. Can also be cut with Match planes one that cuts the tongue and one that cuts the groove.
Tongue and Groove
A joinery method where one board is cut with a protruding "groove" and a matching piece is cut with a matching groove along its edge.
Tool Drool
Rapturous description of a newly acquired tool.
The amount of force that is needed to turn an object such as a screw or bolt.
Half-round molding profile.
Torx Head
A screw head requiring a driver in the shape of a star.
The rear handle on a hand plane.

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